Regarding Question 65:
Regarding Question 3:
Regarding Question 40:
Regarding Question 45:
Not only was the professor's views about this incorrect, he was also mistaken to believe that most pentecostals were of a "unitarian" (Jesus Only) theology, and held to a variety of other mostly unothadox, aberrant beliefs. While such ideas are held by some pentecostal groups, it should be understood that these aren't the beliefs of the majority.
While it is true that a "first sign" or "initial evidence" doctrine has been prevelant in numerous pentecostal groups throughout history, yet this doctrine does not carry the same meaning within all such fellowships. For instance, the General Council of the Assemblies of God (of Springfield, Missouri), is the largest of all pentecostal bodies, with a world-wide membership of more than 32 million (1996 A/G statitistics). According to their official documentation, they believe that speaking in tongues is the "initial, physical evidence" of the Holy Spirit Baptism. However, what is commonly misunderstood, is that they view the "Spirit baptism" as "subsequent" to a salvation experience through the "new birth." Consequently, they DO NOT believe that tongues is a required evidence of salvation. Their view is only that tongues are a "first sign" of Spirit Baptism, which they believe is a "special enduement of power for Christian service."
Please read the following quote, taken verbatim from the Assemblies of God statement of faith: "(7) All believers are entitled to and should ardently expect and earnestly seek the promise of the Father, the baptism in the Holy Ghost and fire, according to the command of our Lord Jesus Christ. This was the normal experience of all in the early Christian church. With it comes the enduement of power for life and service, the bestowment of the gifts and their uses in the work of the ministry (Luke 24:49; Acts 1:4,8; 1 Cor 12:1-31). This experience is distinct from and subsequent to the experience of the new birth (Acts 8:12-17; 10:44-46; 11:14-16; 15:7-9). With the baptism in the Holy Spirit come such experiences as an overflowing fullness of the Spirit (John 7:37-39); Acts 4:8), a deepened reverence for God (Acts 2:43; Heb 12:28), and intensified consecration for Christ, for His word, and for the lost (Mark 16:20)... (8) The baptism of believers in the Holy Ghost is witnessed by the initial physical sign of speaking with other tongues as the Spirit gives them utterance (Acts 2:4). The speaking in tongues in this instance is the same in essence as the gift of tongues (1 Cor 12:4-10,28), but different in purpose and use." (General Council of the Assemblies of God, Statement of Fundamental Truths #7 & #8)
Futhermore, the Assemblies of God are definately rooted in trinitarian theology. Their mode of water baptism is by immersion, however they do not believe that water baptism is the instrument of salvation, but an "ordinance" to the one who has placed faith in Christ for Salvation.
Please note the following doctrinal statements taken again from the Assembies of God statement of faith. Regarding the Trinity: "2(a) The terms 'Trinity' and 'persons' as related to the Godhead, while not found in the Scriptures, are words in harmony with Scripture, whereby we may convey to others our immediate understanding of the doctrine of Christ respecting the Being of God, as distinguished from 'gods many and lords many.' We therefore may speak with propriety of the Lord our God, who is One Lord, as a trinity or as one Being of three persons, and still be absolutely scriptural (examples, Matt. 28:19, 2 Cor. 13:14; John 14:16,17)." Regarding salvation: "5. The Salvation of Man. Mans only hope of redemption is through the shed blood of Jesus Christ the Son of God. (a) Conditions to Salvation Salvation is received through repentance toward God and faith toward the Lord Jesus Christ. By the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Ghost, being justified by grace through faith, man becomes an heir of God, according to the hope of eternal life (Luke 24:47; John 3:3; Rom. 10:13-15; Eph. 2:8; Titus 2:11; 3:5-7). Regarding Water Baptism: "6(a) The ordinance of baptism by immersion is commanded in the Scriptures. All who repent and believe on Christ as Savior and Lord are to be baptized. Thus they declare to the world that they have died with Christ and that they also have been raised with Him to walk in newness of life. (Matt. 28:19; Mark 16:16; Acts 10:47, 48; Rom. 6:4)." (General Council of the Assemblies of God, Statement of Fundamental Truths #2a #5a & #6)
These views are nearly identical to the beliefs of most other major pentecostal denominations... the Church of God in Christ (COGIC - the largest U.S. pentecostal church), the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (ICFG), the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee), the Pentecostal Church of God, and many of the other smaller pentecostal bodies. (The doctrinal statements of each of these denominations can be located on the internet at the URL addresses shown at the bottom of this page.)
The previously stated views, however, are in contrast with views held by such groups as the United Pentecostal Church International, the largest of unitarian (Jesus Only), pentecostal groups. The UPCI claims that their origin emerged in 1916, when a large group of ministers withdrew from the Assemblies of God over the doctrinal issues of the oneness of God and water baptism in the name of Jesus Christ."
Please read the following quote taken directly from the UPCI doctrinal statement: "Salvation consists of deliverance from all sin and unrighteousness through the blood of Jesus Christ. The New Testament experience of salvation consists of repentance from sin, water baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and the baptism of the Holy Ghost, after which the Christian is to live a godly life (Acts 2:36-41)... The baptism of the Holy Ghost is the birth of the Spirit (John 3:5). This spiritual baptism is necessary to put someone into the kingdom of God (God's church, the bride of Christ) and is evidenced by speaking in other tongues (other languages) as the Spirit of God give utterance. It was prophesied by Joel (Joel 2:28-29) and Isaiah (Isaiah 28:11), foretold by John the Baptist (Matthew 3:11), purchased by the blood of Jesus, and promised by Him to His disciples (John 14:26; 15:16). The Holy Ghost was first poured out on the Day of Pentecost upon the Jews (Acts 2:1-4), then upon the Samaritans (Acts 8:17), and later upon the Gentiles (Acts 10:44-46; 19:6). "The promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call" (Acts 2:39)."
Furthermore, the UPCI is well known for their unitarian views. It is their belief that water baptism by imerssion is essential to salvation, and that the verbal formula of baptism must be "in Jesus name only," and not in any trinitarian fashion, as described by Jesus in Matthew 28:19.
The following quote is again taken directly from the UPCI doctrinal statement: "Water baptism is an essential part of New Testament salvation and not merely a symbolic ritual. It is part of entering into the kingdom of God (God's church, the bride of Christ), and therefore, it is not merely a part of local church membership. (See John 3:5; Galatians 3:27)... "The name in which baptism is administered is vitally important, and this name is Jesus. Jesus' last command to His disciples was, 'Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost' (Matthew 28:19). We should notice that He said name (singular) not names. As previously explained, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are not names of separate persons, but titles of positions held by God. An angelic announcement revealed God's saving name in the New Testament: "She shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins" (Matthew 1:21). The apostles understood that Jesus was the name to use at baptism, and from the day that the church of God was established (the Day of Pentecost) until the end of their ministry, they baptized all nations (Jews--Acts 8:16; Gentiles--Acts 19:5) in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. In fact, Jesus is the only name given for our salvation. 'Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved" (Acts 4:12).'
As I documented in my book, What People Ask About The Church, there are well over 43,727 pentecostal churches in the U.S., of which we estimate that only about 6,000 subscribe to the more aberrant beliefs, such as the idea that tongues is a "first sign" of salvation. Since this is less than 14% of pentecostal churches, it would be correct to say that such "unorthodox beliefs are not embraced by the large body of Pentecostal churches or denominations."
Church of God in Christ - 15,300 U.S. churches
Assemblies of God - 11,689 U.S. churches
Church of God, Cleveland Tenessee - 5,776 U.S. Churches
Church of God of Prophecy - 2,005 U.S. churches
Foursquare Gospel - 1,558 U.S. churches
Pentecostal Church of God - 1,209 U.S. churches
United Pentecostal Church Inernational - 3,764 churches U.S.